Submarine Force Museum Home of Historic Ship Nautilus
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A summer 2013 STEM-H (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math, and History) Fellowship Program, was conducted in coordination with Historic Ship Nautilus and the Submarine Force Library and Museum Association, in Groton, CT, from July 22 – 2 August. Four Connecticut teachers, Ted Allen (science) and Greg Felber (math and history) from Ledyard Middle School, Larry Chapman (technology and engineering) from Old Saybrook High School, and Stacy Haines (math) from New London High School, completed a two week immersion program designed to educate them on U.S. Navy submarine history, technology and engineering, and the importance of STEM-H for today’s students. The teachers then created submarine-based lesson plans in their subject areas. The program was led by Captain John Paulson, a retired submariner and former high school educator, from the Naval Historical Foundation.
The teachers had the opportunity to explore the museum exhibits and learn about the historic submarine Nautilus (SSN 571), the world’s first nuclear powered submarine. But they also had the opportunity to visit one of the Navy’s modern nuclear submarines, USS Annapolis (SSN 760), an Improved Los Angeles Class fast attack submarine homeported at Naval Submarine Base New London. The teachers were also given a guided tour of the General Dynamics’ Electric Boat Division model room, showing the past, present, and future of submarine construction and maintenance.
First day events included introduction to submarine systems aboard Nautilus, led by Nautilus Officer –In-Charge LCDR Benjamin Amdur. He then employed the detailed museum exhibits (viewable on-line here) to investigate periscope optics and each type of U.S submarine in the 113 year history of the submarine force. Using the museum’s World War II submarine periscopes and a scale-model wall and construction timeline of the evolution of U.S. submarines from the first submarine USS Holland (SS-1) to today’s Virginia Class submarines, LCDR Amdur was able to connect to the teacher’s prior knowledge and set the stage for the two week program.
For the remainder of the first week, presentations on submarine topics were conducted by Submarine Veteran (SUBVET) museum docents, submarine force veterans, and naval engineers to help the teachers make connections between submarine technology and engineering and their subjects’ teaching standards. Presentations included sonar systems, types of propulsion, torpedo tube launched weapons, ballistic missiles, fire control, navigation, communications, masts and antennas, maintenance, submarine operations as viewed from the control room and attack center, and life at sea aboard various types of submarines (diesel subs, ballistic missile subs, and fast attack subs). "If they immersed me in this program when I was in High School, I would have joined the Navy," said Stacy Haines.
During the second week, teachers began following-up on their multitude of ideas developed in week one. "We've given the teachers an in-depth understanding of the technology and the progression of technology aboard submarines," said Paulson. "Their brains are full of Navy information, and now they're working hard to correlate that into realistic lesson plans for their students." Completed lesson plans included: forces acting on a submarine (buoyancy, gravity, lift, drag, thrust); distance/speed/time calculations using data from USS Nautilus’ 1958 voyage from Pearl Harbor Hawaii through the Bering Strait, beneath the North Pole, to Iceland; active and passive sonar, plus fathometers; periscope optics and use for determining range/bearing/angle-on-the-bow, distance to the horizon, and ocean surface arc lengths; distance, speed, and time calculations and graphing to compare missile types and torpedoes; geometry calculations using the torpedo data computer, position keeper, and line-of-sight diagrams; representing proportional amounts by using equations for submarine meal preparation, menu planning, and food stowage requirements using real crew sizes, deployment lengths, and actual submarine recipes; graphing points in all four quadrants to plan/locate a minefield, a teamwork activity to design and construct the minefield with dominoes (team 1) and then (team 2-blindfolded) locate and graph the mines to allow safe transit, then conduct the transit safely, accomplished without viewing the minefield using a simulated autonomous unmanned vehicle from a submarine or trained dolphins; projectile motion using 5-inch deck gun characteristics, making realistic calculations from actual tech manual data, constructing a projectile and compressed-air launcher, determining projectile characteristics through experiment and analysis, making predictions, conducting operational tests; submarine atmosphere control; graphing submarine force history by date and number of SS, SSN, SSBN, SSGN then relate the shape of the graph to historical events; graph the build-up and inactivation of nuclear warheads using historical U.S. inventory numbers and relate the graph to historical events. The teachers briefed their plans on the last day of the fellowship, including playing the mine warfare game and making improvements. "I found this entire week to be amazing. Everything we've done here has been so exciting," said Haines.
One of the highlights of the program was a visit from U.S. Representatives Joe Courtney and Elizabeth Esty, with Submarine Base Commander Captain Carl Lahti on 26 July. They met with the STEM teacher fellows and Submarine Force Museum Education Specialist Liz Murphy, above, showing them a Sea Perch submersible. Said Lahti “Every job these days is technical, even blue collar occupations. For example, the base’s crane operators have to be able to think in three dimensions, even though a college education is not required. In the same way, the base needs technically qualified sailors to work on submarines. Connecticut needs local children to envision themselves working in the technical industry to help fulfill the need, and the STEM fellowship is a way to enrich the curriculum and connect students to the area.” Congresswoman Esty shared the view on the importance of STEM programs. ”This program represents electricity. It will spark teachers to connect students to the material and enhance their knowledge of STEM-related subjects by practical and engaging lesson plans.”
The STEM Fellowship Teacher’s lesson plans are included as an online educational resource, hosted on the Submarine Force Library and Museum Association and Historic Ship Nautilus website. Lesson plans from the 2011 and 2012 STEM-H Fellowship Programs can be viewed and downloaded on the Navy Museum’s Cold War Gallery website at: http://usnavymuseum.org/.
Announcement of the Selectees
The Submarine Force Library and Museum Association, Historic Ship Nautilus, and the Naval Historical Foundation are pleased to announce the selectees for the 2013 Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics, and History (STEM-H) Teacher Fellowships. From July 22 to August 2, the selectees will use the exhibits of the Submarine Force Museum and Historic Ship Nautilus to develop standards-based lesson plans, based on the technology, engineering, science, and mathematics inherent in the museum exhibits. Since the history of the Navy is the history of technology, a dual-certified STEM and history teacher was again included in this year’s fellowship team.
The selectees are:
- Ted Allen, Eighth Grade Science Teacher at Ledyard Middle School, from Groton, CT.
- Larry Chapman, Technology Education Teacher at Old Saybrook High School (Engineering Project Lead the Way courses), from Old Lyme, CT
- Stacy Haines, Mathematics Teacher at New London High School, from Mystic, CT
- Greg Felber, Mathematics Teacher at Ledyard Middle School, also certified in History and Social Studies 7-12, from New London, CT
The fellowship teachers will be immersed in submarine history, from the USS Nautilus to the technological history of our increasingly complex modern submarines. STEM features include: nuclear propulsion, electronics, computing, inertial guidance, missiles, chemistry, metallurgy, underwater physics, torpedoes, fire control, sonar systems, communications, and world-wide navigation systems. Navy technology led to many non-military applications that are commonplace in today’s world. Connecting the museum exhibits to student learning objectives brings to life the science and mathematics involved. The completed work of STEM Teacher Fellows from 2011 and 2012 is found at: www.usnavymuseum.org/Education.asp . Similar lesson plans have been produced by the Naval Recruiting Command for non-museum Navy settings at www.navystemfortheclassroom.com .
Background: The Navy has partnered with the non-profit 501(c)(03) organizations: Submarine Force Library and Museum Association and Naval Historical Foundation, for acquisition of state-of-the-art exhibits and supporting education programs. Museum exhibits, on-line virtual tours, and education programs tell the story of the Navy’s role in peace and war, achieving a peaceful outcome in the Cold War, and service as an essential force of stability in an increasingly unstable and interconnected world – a Global Force for Good. STEM Teacher Fellows will learn about the significant advances pioneered by Navy research, development, technology and engineering inherent in the museum exhibits, and then connect the fundamental concepts to science and math teaching standards by creating lesson plans.
The history of the Navy is the history of technology: nuclear propulsion, electronics, mathematical systems, computing, aerodynamics, inertial guidance, chemistry, metallurgy, underwater physics, satellite communications, and world-wide navigation systems. This technology led to many non-military applications that are commonplace in today’s world. Connecting the museum exhibits to student learning objectives brings to life the science and mathematics involved. The completed work of STEM Teacher Fellows from 2011 and 2012 is found at: www.usnavymuseum.org/Education.asp . Similar plans have been produced for non-museum Navy settings at www.navystemfortheclassroom.com .
Shown above, STEM Teacher Rhonda Crawford’s students conduct “Missiles On A Mission” (at www.usnavymuseum.org/Education_LP0009.asp ). Using teamwork, hands-on activities, STEM inherent in museum exhibits, and our 21st century education standards, our goal is to use the past to inform the present and the past to advance future education achievement. 2013 STEM Teacher Fellowship applicants can add to this history of success by completion of this summer’s fellowship experience.
STEM Teacher Fellowship Opportunity: The 2013 STEM Teacher Fellowship for Southeast Connecticut middle school and high school science, technology, engineering, and mathematics teachers will take place at the Submarine Force Museum and Historic Ship Nautilus, in Groton CT from July 22 to August 3, 2013. A stipend of $2,400 will be paid to each of the three successful applicants for the program, upon fellowship completion.
Fellowship Expectations: Fellows will receive an immersion experience: a general Navy and submarine force orientation, discussion of museum exhibits and technology with subject experts, and submarine tours. By tapping these resources, the Fellows will develop lesson plans based on the science and mathematics inherent in exhibits. The lesson plans must also meet each teacher’s subject area common core standards for mathematics or science standards of learning. Completed lesson plans will be posted on associated museum websites for use nationwide, in conjunction with virtual museum tours.
At the conclusion of the program on August 2, 2013, teacher Fellows will have the opportunity to showcase their work to a panel of Navy and Submarine Force Library and Museum Association staff. A follow-on Certificate of Completion Ceremony will be conducted on August 16, 2013. It is expected that our Fellows will share their experience and plans with colleagues at the local level, and (depending on acceptance) at state and national professional educator conferences. Previous STEM Teacher Fellows have been successful in highlighting their efforts in many teaching forums.
Eligibility: The Submarine Force Library and Museum Association seeks certified middle school or high school educators with at least five years of experience teaching in the areas of science, technology, engineering, or mathematics (Algebra I or higher). National Board Certification is a plus. Educators who are military veterans are encouraged to submit applications. The selection committee is looking for enthusiastic, creative individuals capable of developing interesting and challenging standards-based lesson plans.
Applications: The application below should be submitted with attachments: a resume, a letter of support from the school Principal or Department Chairperson, and a commitment to share completed work with colleagues at all levels. The application deadline is midnight July 1, 2013 Deadline Extended to July 10th!. Selections will be made on July 8, 2013. Send applications as scanned pdf attachment to email@example.com or by FAX to 860-405-0568.
Information/Help: John Paulson, our fellowship coordinator at the Naval Historical Foundation, can answer questions about the program at firstname.lastname@example.org or at (202) 678-4333 extension 8. Selections will be made on July 8, 2013 and selectees will be notified promptly, no later than July 10, 2013. Deadline for applications Extended to July 10th